January 22, 2010

So and Neither and I am afraid So


Well, English speakers use So and Neither to make their speaking abridged, effective and pleasant to the listeners.  When one thing or action or place is liked by two persons or two different groups of people, we generally use both the words according to the situation to omit the main verb.  Well, by using these words we sound to be effective and (repetitive) avoid using the same main verb twice.

In positive sentences or agreement we use So. So is used in the sense of Also and Too. 

For Example:

Nisha: I like coffee.
Asha: I also like coffee.

In the above conversation it is obvious that both like coffee.  In the second sentence Asha has used Also to show that she also likes coffee.  Well, we can use So in this sentence.

For Example:

Nisha:I like coffee.
Asha: So do I. (I also like coffee, I too like coffee, I also coffee as well))

Here there is agreement of both speakers about their likings. Hence, we have used So.

In case there is negative concurrence or agreement we use Neither.

For example:

Nisha: I don’t like tea.
Asha: I also don’t like tea.

We can use neither to rewrite the speech of Asha. 

Like: Neither do I. (I also don’t like either)

Remember: Not either means neither. 


Auxiliary verbs or Main verbs following So and Neither.

In the above examples we have used, Neither do I. (Auxiliary verb)
So do I. (Auxiliary verb)

There have got a good future.
So has Ram. (Proper form of Have, Auxiliary)

He can’t chew.
Neither Tom can. (Main Verb, can)

I am from India.
So am I. (Auxiliary) (Funny isn’t it? Ms word suggests, ‘So is I.’)

I must obey the traffic rules.
So must you.  (Must, modal/auxiliary)


In the above examples, please mark that the first speaker or doer uses the main verb and the second speaker or doer uses the auxiliary Do and its derivative verbs, according to the situations.






Suppose so/ Hope so/ Afraid so

Study the examples below.


Amber: Are you ready to pull?
Sanjay: I suppose so.

Amber: Will you finish editing your novel this year?
Sanjay: I hope so.

Amber: Is the main road closed?
Sanjay: I am afraid so. (No I don’t think so)

As you enjoy reading EFL lessons, so do I. So, here I come to the end of the short…boring lesson, isn’t it? Lol.

Thanks

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