January 30, 2010

Kids you can

You Can is a miracle sentence that has got something inspiring in it as kernel. If similar feeling makes home in your brain then rest assured that will result in generation of immense energy. If channelized in proper way, one can do miracle. This video is a Ted Talk delivered by Kiran Bir Sethi of Riverside School. First I saw this video in Shell Terrail's blog who shares everything in a twitter. series 'What did they tweet.'  It was shared by one of her follower and I got a chance to watch this video. Thanks to Terrail a reservoir of ideas led by an 'I can' feeling. Thanks to her for re-sharing the video. So here is the video.

January 22, 2010

So and Neither and I am afraid So

Well, English speakers use So and Neither to make their speaking abridged, effective and pleasant to the listeners.  When one thing or action or place is liked by two persons or two different groups of people, we generally use both the words according to the situation to omit the main verb.  Well, by using these words we sound to be effective and (repetitive) avoid using the same main verb twice.

In positive sentences or agreement we use So. So is used in the sense of Also and Too. 

For Example:

Nisha: I like coffee.
Asha: I also like coffee.

In the above conversation it is obvious that both like coffee.  In the second sentence Asha has used Also to show that she also likes coffee.  Well, we can use So in this sentence.

For Example:

Nisha:I like coffee.
Asha: So do I. (I also like coffee, I too like coffee, I also coffee as well))

Here there is agreement of both speakers about their likings. Hence, we have used So.

In case there is negative concurrence or agreement we use Neither.

For example:

Nisha: I don’t like tea.
Asha: I also don’t like tea.

We can use neither to rewrite the speech of Asha. 

Like: Neither do I. (I also don’t like either)

Remember: Not either means neither. 

Auxiliary verbs or Main verbs following So and Neither.

In the above examples we have used, Neither do I. (Auxiliary verb)
So do I. (Auxiliary verb)

There have got a good future.
So has Ram. (Proper form of Have, Auxiliary)

He can’t chew.
Neither Tom can. (Main Verb, can)

I am from India.
So am I. (Auxiliary) (Funny isn’t it? Ms word suggests, ‘So is I.’)

I must obey the traffic rules.
So must you.  (Must, modal/auxiliary)

In the above examples, please mark that the first speaker or doer uses the main verb and the second speaker or doer uses the auxiliary Do and its derivative verbs, according to the situations.

Suppose so/ Hope so/ Afraid so

Study the examples below.

Amber: Are you ready to pull?
Sanjay: I suppose so.

Amber: Will you finish editing your novel this year?
Sanjay: I hope so.

Amber: Is the main road closed?
Sanjay: I am afraid so. (No I don’t think so)

As you enjoy reading EFL lessons, so do I. So, here I come to the end of the short…boring lesson, isn’t it? Lol.


January 03, 2010

What A Shame

This is really a misleading expression often used by English speakers both in writing and speaking. 

What a Shame is different from Shame on You.  But very often it leads to misunderstanding. 

Primarily, we mean by shame as an emotion resulting from awareness of having done something disrespectful or some unworthy, degrading acts.  Interestingly, the word has got as many as 15 meanings, yes fifteen, you heard it right.  It is used in various ways in various contexts.

Let’s discuss those meanings:

1)     A painful sensation excited by a consciousness of guilt or impropriety or of having done something which injures reputation or of the exposure of that which nature or modesty prompts us to conceal.
2)     Reproach incurred or suffered; dishonor; ignominy; derision; contempt.
3)     The cause or reason of shame; that which brings reproach and degrades a person in the estimation of others; disagree.
4)     The parts which modesty requires to be covered; the private parts.
5)     To make ashamed; to excite in (a Person) a consciousness of guilt or impropriety or of conduct derogatory to reputation; to put to shame.
6)     To cover with reproach or ignominy; to dishonor; to disagree.
7)     To mock at; deride.
8)     To feel shame.
9)     An unfortunate development.
10)A painful emotion resulting from an awareness of inadequacy or guilt.
11)A state of dishonor.
12)Surpass or beat by a wide margin.
13)Cause to be ashamed.
14)Compel through a sense of shame.
15)Bring shame or dishonor upon.