February 25, 2009

Word Power: The Crossword Way


Double Bracket: Welcome to OneAcross!

According to Will Shortz, editor of the New York Times crossword puzzle, perhaps as many as 50 million people do crosswords just in America. Whether this is your first puzzle ever or your fourth today, if you get stuck, OneAcross can help.

Enjoy and good luck!
Word power or vocabulary whatever you may choose to call is the vital necessity to speak correctly, express your ideas and views correctly with appropriate terms and to understand others correctly.  Speaking, writing and understanding all these three vital activities need a strong word power.  But words as far as English language is concerned not that easy to master and learn.  English is a living language and every other day it is seen that new words are being added to the dictionary thanks to its broad nature to adapt and adopt any vocabulary of any language. People using English as their second language might face some problems as English is not happened to be their primary language.  A majority of time they would talk in their local language.  But as English has become a universal language in every countries of the world it is being learned by all specially to equip themselves with a powerful language in which the world seems to talk and do business.  Further, to learn and understand English is in a way joining with the world literature of any genre.  A majority of specialized books on science, information technology, geography, medicine and others are available in English language.  Further, English language is so overpowering and overreaching that its vocabularies have made inroad into all language and at times it becomes next to impossible to search an equivalent term of an English word in other native languages.  
Enough is spoken on the vastness and richness of English language and all are agreed that they should learn the language for their benefit and betterment.  Even, every other day Grammar 4… attracts learners from across the world searching various terms of English language.  This proves the thirst and zeal of people of various countries to learn and master English. 
This blog is continuously trying its best to slake the thirst of English learners.  It is committed to all such learners and enthusiasts to provide relevant materials or way to learn the language.  Here I am with a review of a site that I discovered in the past week that will help all, to replete their brains with word power.  Amass as much vocabulary as possible to make yourself fully equipped to master the darling of the crowd, the English language.  

Japanese-style gridImage via Wikipedia
Crosswords of English language are but an easy and useful way to learn new vocabularies and terms. The beginning text that I have quoted proves the popularity of cross word.  It is both enriching and entertaining.  In other words speaking it is learning through entertainment.  Do you solve cross word given in your favorite English newspaper?  If your answer is ‘No’ then I must say, you should do that everyday.         
oneacross.com as the site is known has got a plethora of resources to help you in acquiring and mastering new vocabularies for your daily use.  It has got special section on Cryptogram, Anagram and Reference.  It has got also a Forum on like minded people but now it is not active and offline.  But as the site says it will be started once again for the benefit of all.  The reference dictionary is powered by Wordnet.2.0 If you want to buy some related resources there is a section Store which is powered by Amazon.  
The key to solving the cross word puzzle is right there and in a section of the site the help is organized.  To find a related term or a synonym is too easy and just a click away.  Grammar 4… has also installed a widget of the site to complement this post.  You can check on your own how the gadget works.  But I would like, you visit the site proper and solve as many cross words as possible.  If you do consistently and use the terms in your writing and speaking then I must say one day you will solve the cross word on your own without the help of any site.  But to reach to such a position you need to be consistent and thirsty.  So are you going to the site proper?  If you are not reading an English newspaper and want to learn English language then I must say you are not sincere in your effort.  To learn a language you need to study the resources of the language.  And as far as English language is concerned, daily newspaper reading is one of cheapest and best medium to learn English language.
Arthur Wynne's original crossword puzzle from ...Image via Wikipedia
 What do you say? Have you made up your mind to solve crossword puzzle? Come on make it a habit.  Next morning, go get an English daily and try to solve the crossword puzzle given.  First try to solve easy words or words with less number of boxes, say words of three or two letters.  Then try to think other longer words with clues given.  If you cannot at that moment recollect the nearest word then oneacross.com is right there to help you supply the right term. 
Be patient, work on your memory.  Try to write down the terms that happen to be unknown to you or contextually unknown to you.  This habit will go a long way in making your crossword campaign somewhat easier.     I wish you gathered some new and interesting new words.
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February 23, 2009

Understanding Roman Numerals

Roman numerals are used in English language in a variety of ways. Haven’t you seen your grandpa’s watch with Roman numerals? Even today to give a classic touch watch makers are marking the numbers on dials of wrist watches and wall clocks. But the Arabic Numerals gained wide acceptance and in our daily use the Roman Numerals got confined to some special uses.


Clock in the Royal Observatory, Greenwich, UKImage via Wikipedia


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roman_numerals
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arabic_numerals


You might be wondering then when and where to use the Roman Numerals. Don’t worry here I go. Mark the Numbered bullets I have used that suggest the currency of use and Microsoft words still features this form of bullet.


Upper Case Roman Numerals are used after names and titles:
Louis XVI, Kenedy II




Lower case Roman Numerals are generally used to number the pages of the introduction to a book: For example the sixth page of the introduction will typically bear the number vii rather that VI or 6.


Capital Roman Numerals are also used to:


I. To number the chapters or appendices of a book.
II. To number the stanzas of a book.
III. To number the acts of a play.




Some periodicals also use Roman numerals for their Volumes.
I. New literally Journal Vol. X
II. Times Vol. XVI No. 23


A combination of both Roman and Arabic numerals is also used for the sections of an outline.
1. I Introduction:
2. II.1 The novel: From – to --
3. II.2 The novel: From – to –


Remember 1, 2, 3 …so on are called Arabic numbers.


How the Roman numbers began. Two hands crossed became X 10 fingers became 10 and X represents 10.


The initial I means subtractions and the later I or I’s means addition.


I=1 II=2 III=3 IV=4 V=5 VI=6
VII=7 VIII=8 IX=9 X=10
XX=20 XXX=30 XL=40 L=50
LX=60 LXX=70 LXXX=80 XC=90 C=100
CC=200 CCC=300 CD=400 D=500
DC=600 DCC=700 DCCC=800 CM=900
M=1000 MM=2000


Numbers between the above numerals are formed following the Addition and Subtraction Rules.




Thank you for going through this post.



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February 16, 2009

Emphasize your points


“You, hey you, yes I am talking with you,” a raised voice echoed.  This kind of repetition is meant for emphasis and always it works well.  The speaker gets the attention of the person.  We have got Question tag, Interjection and Inversion as instruments of emphasis.  Grammar 4 … has featured all such grammatical instruments.  If you want to go through those posts once again then please go down and follow the links.  Apart from question tag and interjection we have got so many methods to emphasize our points.  Further a raised voice also works fine in putting emphasis on something. 
A simple way that all know and use is the Exclamation.  Don’t you use that profusely with a raised eyebrow with supporting body languages?    
·        What a beautiful girl!
·        What a mesmerizing feat!
Exclamation is often shortened to the Noun phrase or Adjective phrase. 
·        What a girl!
·        What scenery!
·        What a blog!
Emphatic So and Such
·        The whole act was so boring.
·        It was such a beautiful movie.
·        I had no knowledge that she had such delicious thoughts.
Remember while speaking So and Such are stressed with a raised tone with supporting body languages. 
Repetition     
The blog design is very, very attractive.
Hey you, you Mr. Red shirt. 
The small village is far, far away from Lombardia. 
Intensifying Adverbs and Modifiers
Well, that’s very supportive indeed.
We are utterly helpless.
In speech, some Adjectives and Adverbs such as terrific, tremendous, awfully, terribly, sheer have little meaning other than their role of adding emphasis to something.  Both terribly and awfully can be used in both good and bad sense. 
·        He was just terribly beautiful.
·        Her role was awfully fantastic. 
·        It was a sheer loss of time.
·        They got tremendous success.
In addition to degree adverbs, certain adverbs like Really and Definitely have an emphatic effect.
·        Her dress definitely impressed me.
·        She was truly a great man.
·        She literally collapsed with heavy doses of laughter.
·        We really enjoyed her mimicry.
One can intensify the emphasis of a WH- question by adding Ever, On earth, what the hell, why the hell.
Why on earth didn’t you inform him? 
What the hell does he think?
Who the hell out there peeping?
How ever did they break the jail?
In writing ever is sometimes spelled as part of the Wh-word like whoever, whomever, wherever.  Why ever is always spelled as two words. 
There are so many grammatical instruments available to emphasize one’s points like use of negation, use of At all, Rhetoric question.  Further, in speaking English the body language is most vital.  Vocal chord, eye, eyebrow moment or gesticulations or stress on the moot points are some of the vital points one must not ignore while speaking. 
              Related posts

Interjection
Question Tag                                                       
Inversion

           
So what do you say, he you yes I am asking you, you.  This much for now, rest on some other day.  Thank you. 
                                                                                                                                             

February 02, 2009

Interjection Musing


Interjections are used to express our emotions be it something surprising, disgusting, joyous, distressful painful etc.  Interjections are small words but while speaking or writing they work as magic in driving home the intended points.  It is also a part of speech.  People using English as their second language should master the use of Interjection to make their speaking or writing similar to native speakers.  Obviously, native speakers are adept in their language as you are adept in your language.  Solely on this point never express surprise or feel yourself somewhat secondary otherwise such negative feelings will block your learning and mastering the Queen’s language. 
So, how about learning some Interjections some familiar and some unfamiliar ones?  I know you will master those to make your emotions speak.  They are called emoticons of English language.  Obviously they are used to denote our emotions.  So here I go.
For more information about Interjection you can browse the following link.

  • Ah: Satisfaction, recognition etc. Ah, that’s just what I intended.
  • Aha: Jubilant satisfaction, Recognition
  • Aw: Expressing disappointment.
  • Cheers: That’s why we have cheerleaders.  Boosting confidence.  
  • Gosh:  Use to express surprise or give emphasis.                
  • Hip-hip hurray: Mark of celebration or jubilation.
  • Hurray, hurrah: mark jubilation or celebration for joy or victory.
  • Ouch: Pain.  Ouch, something pinched.
  • Ow: Pain.  Same as Ouch
  • Oh: This is used to express surprise.  Oh, what a beautiful scene.
  • Ooh: Pleasure, pain.
  • Oops: Used to show awareness of a mistake or minor accident.
  • Oh my: My goodness: goodness: used to express pleasant or unpleasant surprise.
  • Psst: Shit: used to express some disgusting feelings.
  • Poo: pooh: Exclamation derogatory
  • Shh: a sound to ask others to keep silent.
  • Tut tut. Tsk tsk: Shame, disgusting.
  • Ugh: Disgusting.
  • Wow: Great surprise. Wow, I got through the examination.
  • Yeah: Yea: denotes yes or approval.
  • Yippee: Excitement, delight.  Yippee, we’ve won the race.
Thank You. 

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