August 13, 2009

Present Simple

Sub + Verb 1 (I drive)

We use the Present simple to describe the following situations.
(A) A present Event: 
• Chima passes the ball to Baichung and Baichung scores a goal. ( Sport Commentary)
• The managing director declares the meeting closed (Announcement) 
• I pick a card from this deck and place that under a piece of paper. (Demonstration) 
• I beg your pardon. 

N.B: Here the event begins and ends at the very moment of speech. 

(B) A present State: 
• I am thirsty. 
• Chinu’s brother is ill. 
• I have no time to go through your paper. 
• We live in the country side. • Do you know German? 
• I don’t like curd. 
(C) Present Habit: 
• He works in the Wipro BPO. 
• I often tour the country side.
• It rains a lot in July. 
• The Paper boy comes at 7 a.m. 
• She speaks French well. 
• How often do you use soap? 
A state is a condition that continues over a period of time. A habit is of repetition of events over a period of time. 
(D) Scientific Facts (known by experiment)
• Gas goes upward. 
• Water freezes at 0 degree C.
• Ice melts when heated. 
(E) General Truth 
• The Indian grow a lot of rice. 
• The Sun rises in the east. 
• The moon revolves round the earth. 
• The Narmada flows into the Arabian Sea. 
• Deer eats grass. 
In D and E the states or phenomena covers a period of time that includes the present moment and they are also true always.
We say: 
• Where do you come from? (Residential sense)
• Or where are you from? (Not where are coming from?) 
• What makes you so gloomy? • What brings you here? 
• He talks like a professional. 
This much for today. Thanks

4 comments:

  1. Grammarian humour!!
    keep it up.

    ReplyDelete
  2. @ Rajesh Goyal @ Shas thank you for coming to my blog and encouraging me.

    ReplyDelete
  3. LOVE GRAMMAR 4 YOU !!!

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    GRACIAS
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    DANK U
    DANKE SCHÖN
    THANK YOU
    MERCI BIEN
    DOMO ARIGATO
    TERIMAKASSI

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