May 30, 2009

One Word Substitution


One word substitution is very important to write precisely and speak in a single word.  Generally, we speak or write in a garrulous way.  But, it is seen that precise words are always understood easily by all.  At times we become verbose but sometimes the verbosity is not required and we are required to talk or speak precisely. In English language there are a lot of single words for a group of words.  So, speak precisely and avoid the fear of being misunderstood.  Let me quote some one words for a group of words. 
·       Abolish: Do away with wholly.
·       Abolish: Do away with wholly.         
·       Abbreviation: A shortened form of a word or phrase.
·       Accelerate: To increase the speed; to hasten the progress of:
·       Actuary: One who calculates premium:
·       Aggravate: To increase the gravity of an offence or the intensity of a disease:
·       Alienate: To turn friends in enemies.
·       Amateur: One who does something not professionally but for pleasure.
·       Amphibian: a land animal that breeds in water.
·       Aristocracy: people of noble families or the highest social class. Also, government of a country by a small group of people, especially hereditary nobility.
·       Cannibal: somebody who eats human flesh.
·       Diplomat/Envoy:  A diplomatic minister of the higher order sent by a country to another: Ambassador.
·       Ambiguous: Statements open to more than interpretation.
·       Ambivalent: Having opposing feelings.
·       Amnesty: General pardon.
·       Anonymous: A letter, poem etc. whose author is unknown:
·       Anarchy: Absence of government:
·       Answerable:  A person liable to be called to account for his action:
·       Appreciate: To rise in value:
·       Atheist: One who does not believe in the existence of God.
·       Auditor: One who makes an official examination of accounts.
·       Autobiography: The life story of a man written by himself:
·       Biography:  Life story of a man written by other:
·       Bureaucracy: Government by the officials:
·       Biology: The science which treats with life.
·       Bigot:  One who has narrow and prejudiced religious views.
·       Bourgeois: A member of the middle class.
·       Colleagues: People working together in the same office or department.
·       Congenital: Belonging or pertaining to an individual from birth.
·       Contemporary: Men living in the same age:
·       Cosmopolitan: One who can make himself at home in all countries.
·       Credulous: A person who believes easily whatever he is told.
·       Democracy: Government by the people:
·       Depreciate: To go down in value:
·       Disenfranchisement: To take away some one’s right to vote.
·       Delegate:  To give one’s authority to another.
·       Drawn/ Tie: A game or batter in which neither party wins.
·       Edible: A thing that is fit to be eaten.
·       Ecology: Study of environment.
·       Egoist/Egoist: One who thinks only for oneself, a person who is selfish, self absorbed and self centered.
·       Eligible:  One who is qualifies for election.
·       Elucidate: To explain something mysterious or difficult.
·       Emphasize: To lay special stress on.
·       Epitaph: inscription on a tombstone.
·       Equilibrium: A state of perfect balance:
·       Eradicate: To root out an evil, disease:
·       Extempore or Impromptu: A speech delivered without any previous preparation:
·       Embezzlement: Misappropriation of money.
·       Fanatic: A man who has too much enthusiasm for his own religion:
·       Facsimile: An exact copy.
·       Fastidious: One who is not easily pleased.
·       Germicide: A medicine that kills germs.
·       Hung: Assembly or parliament in which no party has got clear majority
·       Honorary:   Work for which no salary is paid:
·       Humanitarian: One who feels sympathetic towards human beings:
·       Illegible: That which cannot be read:
·       Illicit: That is prohibited by law:
·       Illiterate: One who cannot read or write:
·       Inaudible:  A sound that cannot be heard.
·       Incomprehensible: A statement which cannot be understood:
·       Incorrigible: One who cannot be corrected:
·       Inexplicable: That which cannot be explained:
·       Infallible: A remedy which never fails.
·       Impervious: a person who remains unmoved and unaffected by other people's opinions, arguments or suggestions.
·       Illiterate: a person who cannot read or write.
·       Infallible: incapable of making a mistake.
·       Infanticide: the killing of an infant.
·       Inflammable: something that is quickly and easily set on fire and burned.
·       Inimitable: A method that cannot be imitated.
·       Insatiable: That which cannot be satisfied.
·       Insolvent: One who is unable to pay his debts.
·       Invulnerable: That which cannot be hurt.
·       Invulnerable: That which cannot be hurt.
·       Introspection: The action of looking back on past time.
·       Invisible:  A thing that cannot be seen with human eyes.
·       Introspection: Looking into one’s own thoughts.
·       Irrelevant: Remarks which do not ally apply to the subject under discussion.
·       Irreparable: A loss of damage that cannot be compensated.
·       Irrevocable: That cannot be altered or withdrawn.
·       Jurisdiction: The area over which an official has control:
·       Maiden: The first speech made by a person.
·       Misanthropist: Hater of mankind.
·       Mercenary: somebody who works or serves only for personal profit. Also, a professional soldier paid to fight for an army other than that of his or her country.
·       Misogynist: a person who hates women.
·       Misogamist: a person who does not believe in the institution of marriage.
·       Numismatics:  Science of coins or medals.
·       Omniscient: a person who knows everything.
·       Omnivorous: an animal or a human being that eats any kind of food.
·       Omnipotent: a person who has power over all.
·       Philanthropist: Lover of mankind.
·       Panacea: a supposed cure for all diseases or problems.

·       Parasite: a person supported by another and giving him/her nothing in return.
·       Parasite: a person supported by another and giving him/her nothing in return.
·       Potable: Water fit for drinking.
·       Psephology: Systematic study of election trends.
·       Soporific: a drug or other substance that induces sleep.
·       Philistine:  One who does not care for art, literature etc.
·       Sinecure: An office with high salary but no work.
·       Theist: One who believes in God.
·       Vandal: One who damages public property.

This is only a small list as there are so many words that can be practiced by the help of a dictionary or internet. Here is one such link that you can explore. So master those words as much as you can to make your writing or speaking precise and comprehensible to all. 

Thank you.


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