January 28, 2009

Useful Download Links for English Books

Before going through the post: This is not a feature post or something like the concept of Pay Per Post. I am also not a member of such website. I am not paid a dime for this post. So, followers don’t think that I will be paid if you click any link given inside the post. The post is only in the interest of book lovers or knowledge seekers. Those who think they have enough of that kind of stuff in their book shelves then they can skip this post or refrain from clicking any link given inside the post.


If one is to gain knowledge the most authentic source is of course a book. Books are friends of knowledge seeker. So I think you would not mind downloading some free E-books related to English language and grammar or other subjects, would you? So here I narrate how I got the address of the website.


On the 26th January, 2009 I was browsing internet in Firefox. I have installed the Google toolbar. Suddenly I saw a mark in my Gmail Notifier about the arrival of a new mail. I clicked the link and hey presto I clicked the new mail. Someone from Pakistan had sent a link to me. Yes, he was someone and his mail was an unsolicited mail. I had no prior mailing or chatting or any kind of communication exchange with him. Though I seldom entertain such mail still I could not but opened the link and browsed the link given. He had asked me to browse a website with a plethora of links to download books related to English language and other subjects. I even downloaded one book “Concise Oxford English Dictionary” that is a good book with lot of resources on English vocabulary. Almost all words have their origin or year of introduction. (He got my mail address from an Orkut forum.)



The website is in nascent stage but the contents are marvelous and praiseworthy. After all, who does not want books from Cambridge and Oxford publication? I think all English lovers want those books in their shelf. The website only features links and does not store the books. In fact, the books are stored in Rapidshare or http://www.4shared.com. These are websites to which users upload their files or E-books or any digital or soft files for easy sharing. And later they are available for download. 


So if you want to download some books on English language you can visit the site and explore the relevant links given. By clicking a link will take you to the Rapidshare or http://www.4shared.com site from which your free download ticket will be prepared instantly within 30 seconds or 10 seconds as the case may be that varies from site to site. After the stipulated time a Download link will pop up for you to download your required book. You can download the intended book with any Download Manager installed in your computer or browser. If you use Opera browser then you need not worry as it has got a Download manager pre-installed. Those who have got broadband internet connection also need not worry for any Download Manager as it is meant for Global Packet Radio System or Dial up internet connections which are slow. Files are available in .PDF or .EXE .RAR formats. So, you need some common software to read .pdf file or extract .rar file. 


The links are organized in the side bar. The main body also features some books with their cover photographs. Not that it has got links for books about English language. In fact it has got links for other kinds of books that you can browse once you open the site proper. The website has got Google Adsense units, some camouflaged and some distinct. It lacks any Feedback Tab or Contact tab. It also lacks an ‘About Me’ section. 


So here I dedicate this post to all lovers of English language.


Disclaimer: This blogger is no way related to the website. All downloads are maintained or provided by the website with the help of Rapidshare or http://www.4shared.com.


Thank you



January 25, 2009

My Adorable Darling


Her tipsy smile; thrills my heart,
Soothing touch enhances love.
Love I immensely, so does my half,
Waits she, at the door, smiling for my return.




My relatives, like her beloved sanguine,
My weal and woes become her, so does hers mine.
Clashes with her my views and prejudices,
We’d agree finally on a sweet compromise.


At times, we’d skirmish on trivial matters,
Fades grouses comes the morn that’s love.
Some ayes and nays, with symphony of bangles,
There comes our fruit, embrace we in love.



Our small heaven, thus trundles,
You’re my sweet heart, my lovely apple.
© Blogger

January 24, 2009

Break Please

Brake: (noun) Don’t you use this word in your daily writing or talking. Oh me, you use your Brakes while driving your car or motor cycle or cycle to ensure your safety as well as that of others, don’t you? This is such a ubiquitous word. Mind the spelling of the two words Brake and Break. The lever which arrests the speed of any carriage or vehicle is known as Brake. Further it also means a large wagon or open carriage. In railway, the wagon used in trains to load luggage is known as Brake Van.

Break: (verb) broke broken: separate into pieces as a result of a blow or strain. Stop doing something or working. Interrupt (a sequence or series) fail to observe (a rule or agreement), crush the spirit of. Make a rush or dash. Falter or change tone (a person’s voice), become deeper at puberty (of a boy’s voice), change suddenly (Weather), begin (storm, dawn, or a day).
Break (Noun) a pause or gap or short rest, a point or line of crack, a chance or opportunity.
Break Into: burst into laughter, song pr a run.
Break off: to stop speaking, to stop temporarily.
Break out: (something undesirable) sudden appearance or start. To escape,
Break through: to make head way, to achieve success, to make a way through.
Break away: to go away suddenly or abruptly. Escape,
Break in: to force one’s way, to barge into, to check in forcibly (illegal), Make news shoes comfortable by wearing.
Break one’s back: work hard to achieve something.
Break the back of: accomplish the main part of.
Break down: seize to start. Stop working. (Regarding machinery or vehicles) lose control of one’s emotion.
Break away: (Noun) a small detached group from a parent large group.
Break up: (of a gathering or relationship) end or part:
Break wind: fart, release gas from anus.

Oh, enough, isn’t it? So let me take a break. Nah, not a commercial break. Lol. A break till another grammatical post. So here I put a break. Thanks.

Source: Compact Oxford Reference Dictionary.

January 19, 2009

Grammar in News


Today morning I decided to check my bike as it was months ago last I went to a service hub. While my bike was being repaired, I sat inside the customer lounge.  As I had prior experience of delay and boredom, I had gone there with my favorite newspaper ‘The Times of India.’   While going through the pages of the newspaper, all of a sudden I started ogling an editorial item from grammatical angle.  So what I did later, you might want to see.  I have tried to post everything that I did. 
So, first read the item completely.  While reading mark the underline items as I would be grammaring about those items after the complete story. 
Once upon a time, kings or queens were sworn in with a great deal of pomp and ceremony.  In that sense, US president-elect Barack Obama’s inauguration on January 20 will hark back to those times.  But while the monarchy conducted a carefully orchestrated show designed to awe commoners into obedience, Obama’s swearing in has the moods of a party, with millions of people descending upon Washington to celebrate the new American president.  Obama’s inaugural committee has succeeded in making the ceremony one of the most anticipated political events in years, with everything from local inauguration parties to rock concerts with some of music’s biggest names enjoying wall-to-wall media coverage both in America and around the world. 
Obama’s meticulously planned inauguration celebration displays, yet again, the man’s media savvy. Channeling Abrqaham Lincoln, Obama kicked off his three states ‘whistle stop tour’ on Saturday in Philadelphia, mirroring Lincoln’s 1861 journey by train to Washington.  He set off a four day inaugural celebration of unprecedented ambition.  The celebration beginning with the trip and culmination in the official balls after the swearing in is aimed at allowing as many people as possible to participate in it.  What is remarkable is the number of people who are expected to brave the inhospitable Washington weather to stand in long queues and listen to their president.  There’ll be even more people watching from the comfort of their homes on television or on the internet. 
Here I am.  Please follow the underline words or group of words carefully and read the description below.
Once upon a time:  You might be aware of this expression, aren’t you?  All stories seem to begin with this expression.  And by using this expression a writer only want to say about something about past.  So, here also the editor has wanted to say something about past.  He has talked about the pomp and ceremony swearing in ceremony of kings and queens.  Refer back the editor has used the auxiliary verb ‘Were’ to agree with the expression of ‘Once upon a time.’  He has also used the past participle of the main verb swear as sworn. 
Pomp and ceremony: These two words go along in situation like this.  Pomp: (Noun) the special clothes, music and customs that form a grand public ceremony.  Ceremony: (Noun)    A formal religious or public occasion celebrating an event.  ‘Pomp and show’ is also used with similar meaning. 
President-elect:  many think that the word elect should be elected and like the majority of adjective it should come before the noun President and the complete expression should be like ‘elected president.’  But the reality is that the expression is completely right. 
Carefully:  carefully is an Adverb and it says about the verb Conducted. 
Orchestrated: This is an Adjective and not a past participle as it ends with ~ed.  It talks about the Noun Show. 
Washington to celebrate the new American president: here something lacking.  I would like to rewrite the sentence as; Obama’s swearing in has the moods of a party, with millions of people descending upon Washington to celebrate the new American president.  An occasion is celebrated which is the swearing in ceremony of Obama as the new president of the US.  To celebrate the swearing in ceremony of the new American President.  Here the sentence is written means something like people are celebrating the new president.  A person is never celebrated. 
One of:  When we use expression like ‘One of’ it should be remembered that the Noun it talks of should be in plural and in this case the noun ‘Events’ agrees with the expression. 
The most: Here the use of article ‘the’ shows that it is but a superlative degree ‘most anticipated.’
Meticulously: the main word i.e. the noun is Meticulous and here only ~ly is added to make it an Adverb.  It says something about the verb ‘planned.’
Kicked off: In football match it means to start or restart a match with a kick from the centre spot.  From football the expression has made inroad into general vocabulary and it means to start.  In football it is a practice to start the ball rolling when a player kicks a ball from the center spot.  Here only past tense of kick is used. (Kicked) 
Mirroring: This is nothing but converting the Noun Mirror to Verb by adding one of highly used suffix ~ing.  You cannot find this kind of conversion in dictionaries but English is so flexible that anything is possible as far as vocabulary is concerned.  Even I have used one /grammarring/ that is underlined by the Microsoft Word 2007.  But I don’t care for the red line as I always do so and stick to it when I see the word conveys the intended meaning. 
Set off: begin a journey or campaign.  Set out also means the same thing. 
Unprecedented: the root word Precedent that means an example.  Un~ is a prefix that is used to make something negative.   Here ~ed is used to make it an Adjective as it says something about the noun ‘Ambition.’
The:  here the article ‘The’ is used as a back reference as the event that it refers to is quoted earlier.
Brave: here the noun brave is used as a verb.    
Inhospitable:  Here also the main word is hospital the suffix ~able is used to make it an Adjective.  The prefix ~in is used here to make antonym of ‘hospitable.’   We use prefix like ~un, ~in, ~dis to make a Synonym of a word.  There are no fixed rules regarding the use of these prefixes to make Antonyms but it is after consistent association with English vocabularies our minds pick up the words and their prefixes. 
People:  This is a plural noun that does not take any ~s for plural.  So we use it in plural and verb agrees with ‘people.’  But there is an exception where people become peoples.  Person is a related word that we use in singular. 
People @ As a common Noun ‘a people’ means ‘a nation.’  It can be used in both singular and plural:-
·         The Americans are net savvy people. (Singular)
·         There are many different peoples in Africa. (Plural)
@People Source: English Grammar Composition and Usage by J.C. Nesfield.
The Editorial Item is being used here only for the purpose of grammar and no any commercial intent is in it.  The times of India, dated the 19th January, 2009. 
I have tried to parse each item according to my knowledge and experience and if you find any mistakes then please feel free to counter my opinion.  Also feel free to give a piece of your brain, if you like to do so.  My mail id can be found somewhere else in the site or inside my ‘About me.’  So till the next lesson it is bye-bye to you. 
Thank you. 

January 18, 2009

Words of sounds

In order to distinguish various people, we have got different names, haven't we?. And interestingly we have got different vocabulary terms to denote different sounds. Here is a list of different names for different sounds. This is but a small list and in the internet and related books you can discover various terms for different sounds. When you will be using these terms in you day to day writing and speaking, I am sure your writing or speaking will be appreciated for this literary touch. It is after continuous use you can master these vocabularies. So enjoy this collection and also let me know if you know any other, I would be happy to include those in this collection. This is only a collection and when I find others I would add those to this list. So enjoy this collection. You can mail this to your mail id for your record or collection.

• Beat of a drum
• Blaring of bands, trumpets
• Blowing of a bugle
• Booming of a gun
• Buzz of a telephone
• Call of a bugle
• Chattering of teeth
• Clanging of chains, hammers, arms
• Clatter of hoofs, plates
• Clinking of glasses, metal, keys
• Crackling of fire
• Crack of a whip
• Creaking of doors or shoes
• Hissing of steam
• Howling of wind
• Jingling of coins
• Lapping of water
• Patter of rain
• Pealing or ringing of bells
• Rattling of windows
• Roaring of guns
• Rustle of silk, leaves
• Shriek of a whistle
• Thundering or rumbling of clouds
• Sizzling of sausages
• Slam of a door
• Tick of a clock
• Toot of a horn
• Twang of a bow
• Whistling, roaring or howling of wind


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January 15, 2009

Tongue Twisters


Tongue twisters are always used to learn the art speaking English words distinctly. Many people have written a number of tongue twisters. Here I am with a collection of tongue twisters. Read them aloud for as many times as possible so that you can be able to pronounce difficult words more distinctly than your friends.
· Peter piper picked a peck of pickled, pepper.
· Peter Piper's practical principles of plain and perfect pronunciation.
· The sixth sick sheik's sixth sheep's sick.
· A bloke's back brake-block broke.
· A dozen double dam ask dinner napkins.
· Rubber baby buggy bumpers.
· Rain in Spain mainly stays in plains.
· She sells seashells by the seashore.
· The skunk sat on a stump; the skunk thump the stump stunk, but the stump thump the skunk stunk.
· A truly rural frugal ruler's mural.
· Blake bug's blood.
· They threw three quick things.
· Still the sinking steamer sank.
· Snow light, no swipe.
· Betsy Bunder bought some butter, but the butter was bitter. So she bought some better butter to make the bitter butter better.

Thank you for going through this post.

January 12, 2009

Fairly Rather and Quite

Fairly and Rather
Both these words are used to express ‘to a moderate degree.’ But there is a difference in their use. Fairly is used with positive or pleasant idea whereas Rather is used with negative or unpleasant ideas.
No let’s study some examples.

Fairly Rather
• He is fairly cunning. Pablo is rather a duffer.
• The chest is fairly light. This chest is rather heavy.
(I can lift that easily) (I will need someone to lift)

•The test was fairly easy. The test was rather difficult.
•Bill is fairly rich. Bill is rather poor.

Now let’s see how the same sentence can mean differently to different people.


• The curry is fairly hot. (The speaker likes hot curry)
• The curry is rather hot. (The speaker doesn’t like hot curry)
• Marry is fairly tall. (Tallness is appreciated)
• Marry is rather tall for her age. (Tallness is disliked)
• This flat is fairly big. It is good for me.
• This is flat is rather big. I want a small flat.


Rather, not Fairly is used with comparatives and Too.

• I solved the sum rather better than last time.
• Suzane is rather older than him.
• I think he has invited rather too many people.
• Camilia is rather too much concerned for the loss of her purse.

When Rather is used before certain Adjectives or Adverbs such as Nice, Good, Well, Pretty, Clever, Amusing, it can mean Very. Positive in sense indeed, isn’t it?

• I know Pappu rather well.
• Sofi is rather nice.
• The anecdote is rather amusing.

Quite is a little stronger than Fairly. 

• How was the show? Fairly good. Not the best one I’ve seen in 2008.
• How was the show? Quite good. You ought to see that.
• I speak English fairly well.
• I speak English quite well.


Quite means completely when it is used with a word which can express the idea of complement.

Sure right Wrong finished ready certain Unnecessary empty full
Dead different impossible amazing perfect safe determined True

• This blog is quite different from that one.
• It is quite certain this round of depression is temporary.
• Your funds are quite safe in the hands of that financial organization.
• He declared in public that the prime minister was wrong.

Here the use of Quite shows the completeness of thought or idea and I have seen and heard people using ‘Quite’ in this way freely.

Quite is also used with some verbs with the same meaning.

I quite agree with Mr. Obama.
I don’t quite follow his thoughts.
He has quite recovered from debt.

Mark how articles A and An are used with Rather and Quite.

• He is rather a good cricketer.
• He is a rather good player.
• It is quite a nice evening. (Not a quite)


A word of Caution: Quite: Completely, Quiet: Silence, Quit: To leave or to stop. These three words sound and seem identical. I have seen many people using these words as synonyms. Also practice the spelling of these three words as they are different in pronunciation. This seems to be a problem with people using English as their second language and colorizing English words with their local hues. This localized spelling makes these words almost synonymous and people tend to misuse these words. So, be careful while using these words.

Thank you for going through this article.

January 09, 2009

Comparison of Adverb


Like adjective, adverb has also got Degrees. Degrees as you know are nothing but a gradation of an adjective or an adverb. There are three kinds of Degrees such as Positive, Comparative and Superlative. To avoid repetition of my earlier post on Degrees or Comparison, I would like you to read this post with my other post entitled Comparison of Adjective. As far as degree of conversion is concerned, the rules for adjective and adverb are the same. So let me inch forward for other aspects of adverbial comparison.

As Adverb As
This kind of construction is often used to compare two similar adverbs of same quality or standing. Sometimes, a manner of action is also compared using this kind of construction.
· She speaks English as fast as her son. (Both she and her son are equally fast)
· This train is as fast as the one that runs between London and Paris.
· He negotiated the turn as deftly as possible.
· She dived as carefully as possible into the pool.
Similarly, we also use similar construction using Not (Not As Adverb As) simply to show comparative dissimilarities of two similar adverbs.
· You didn’t write as much as I wrote.
· I didn’t reach home as early as my brother.
· I was not as late as my brother.
Twice as …as, three times as …as
(Sometimes thrice is also used but in modern English thrice is not used so frequently like once or twice and fast losing currency.)
· Owing to production cut, the oil price is twice as expensive as it was five years ago.
· He has got three times as much books as she had a year ago.
The Same As
· My problems are the same as yours.
· I am the same age as Ram’s elder brother.
Two comparatives are also used to show that something is changing continuously.
· It is getting darker and darker.
· It is becoming more and more difficult to cope with the depression.
· More and more people are buying I-phone.
The Comparative the comparative
We use this kind of kind construction to describe how one thing increases/decreases in relation to another.
· The larger the size of a file the greater the time it takes to download.
· The bigger your family is the bigger the budget.
· The sooner you finish, the sooner we will leave you.
· The more the merrier. (Merrier=More)
Again I would like you to go through with my post on Adjective as to avoid repetition; I have left many aspects of Degrees. So please read my posts with similar content to complete the theme of Comparison.
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Thank you for going through this post. Please leave your valuable comment if you feel so.

January 04, 2009

Some Curious Nouns

After the end of the Holidays, Share and Smile has again come with a new lesson. Share and smile wishes all its readers a smiling and fruitful Days ahead and wishes all grit courage to face the ongoing Depression and gales in the embryo of the future. Let resplendence of love and care blanket you and your way. Here I am back to business.

In every language there are some curious facts and English is no exception to that. In fact, English has got a lot of curious facts that follow different rules in different context. In this series of Curious let me list some Nouns and there Numbers and their different meanings according to context.


There are some Nouns with two plural forms with two different meanings.

BROTHER
Brothers: Sons of the same mother.
Bretheren: members of the same society or caste.
(Interestingly, word 2007 underlines the world Bretheren.)
CLOTH
Cloths: Kinds or pieces of cloth. Clothes: Articles of dress.
DIE
Dies: stamps for coinage. Dice: small cubes used in games. In modern English dice is often used as a singular.
GENIUS
Geniuses: Men of talent. Genii: Fabulous spirits of the air.
INDEX
Indexes: Tables of contents. Indices: Signs used in Algebra.
STAFF
Staves: Sticks or poles.
Staffs: Departments in the Army or a business, salaried employees taken collectively.

There are some more nouns which have two different meanings in both Singular and Plural form.

Air: Atmosphere. Airs: Assumed demeanor.
Advice: Counsel. Advices: Information.
Beef: Flesh. Beeves: Cattle, bull and cows.
Compass: Range or extent; Instrument for finding directions,
Compasses: An instrument for drawing circles.
Good: benefit, utility. Goods: Movable articles.
Iron: A metal. Irons: Fetters made of Iron.
Return: Coming back. Returns: The proceeds or profit of an undertaking.
Vesper: Evening. Vespers: Evening prayers.
Sand: A kind of matter. Sands: A tract of sandy land.
Force: Strength or energy. Forces: Armed Men.

The following Nouns are always used in the plural:

Alms: Tom always gives alms to needy persons.
Riches: He is proud for the riches of his father.
Odds: despite odds, I hope we will overcome the present crisis.


In case you would like to visit the archive of this blog to explore more facts on this aspect of Grammar. Here I list some related posts.


Related Posts:

Noun
Plural Part 1
Plural Part 2

Thanks for going through this Lesson.