September 25, 2008

SMILE


Smile smile and smile.  Really, the small reaction creates magic and mesmerizes all who are greeted by smile.  Smile is one of the delicious and beautiful body languages one like to sport and others cherish to see.  Smile happens to be a spontaneous reaction of the mind supported by various organs of the body like Cheeks, Lips, Denture, Neck muscles, eyes, eyebrows, temple and forehead and head.  Your body mechanism is so organized that all the organs seem to work in tandem and in synchronization.  The synchronized behavior of various organs is amazing and so are the reactions of the mind to a stimulative situation that generates smile.  Though all the above listed organs take part in ornamenting and beautifying a smile still it is the pair of the lips that exhibit the impulse of your body vividly and lucidly.  In other words, without the involvement of the pair of lips there cannot be any smile.  And this is why lips are the important body parts required to create a smiling face.

 

Undoubtedly, smile can be artificial and manipulative.  Manipulative smile is easily detected and discarded as fake solely for non-involvement and unsupportive behaviors of other peripheral body organs.  Rather this kind of smile can be said as wry smile with mismatch between outer and inner behavior.  So, it is better not to smile than branded as fake and face ignominy. 

 

Smile is the key to other hearts and minds.  Through a genuine smile one can enter into an adamant cell and scour inside without any protest.  Winning hearts of a love is not possible without a highly contagious smile.  Interestingly, smiling is an inherent and inborn art that a tiny tot learns in embryonic stage.  And it is not taught in any formal institution or no parental guidance is required at any stage. 

 

It is the presence of a bout of smile or absence of a bout of smile makes or mars a relation.  Smile triggers smile.  In other words, smile requires a stimulant like something funny, something delicious memory of past a delicious and visionary dream about the future in present, a financial boom, an acceptance of love or sexual solicitation or a discovery or invention or when someone says “I love you” with a broad smile.  It can be a victory or a defeat of a competitor, a success in examination that can cause smile and celebration.  And you would be surprised to know that there are many kinds of smile as smile differs from situation to situation and stimulant to stimulant.  Greeting is always supported by a short smile with the involvement of lips only. 

 

Smile can be noisy or silent.  Guffaw and eerie laughter involve the mouth and the vocal chord to produce the required high pitch sound.  The villains of Indian films seems to have mastered this art of laughter as very often they seem to laugh in this way throughout the three hours of a movie.  Girls are gifted with divine deliciousness in their tones and when they laugh it produces a jingling symphony that reverberates in the hearts and minds of guys presents there.   On a victory one laughs with supportive gestures from both hands.   This can be said as laughter or smile with celebration.  

 

Simper always happens to be artificial and sometimes becomes dangerous.  It is not supported by body languages.  The hero Lord Krishna of Indian Mythology was said to be adept in simper and he was so adept that he was able to hide the unsupportive behaviors of body organs and present the smile as genuine.  And it was for this reason no one was able to read his mind as he always had something in his mind. 

 

There is grin that is a broad smile, wry smile without any support from heart.  Wry smile always happen to be formal and situational.   Laughing can be offensive when done in front of a defeated person or when showing someone in bad light.

 

 

Beam, grin, leer, simper, smirk, sneer all these are synonyms of Smile and are verbs.

All these words can be used in noun also. 

Smiling face:  here smile is an Adjective. 

 

 

© The Blogger

September 13, 2008

QUESTION FOR EmPhAsIs: TAG QUESTION

In writing English we have got a lots of methods to emphasize any intended part to drive home some points or motives. One can use features like highlighting, coloring, underlining, double underlining, CAPITALIZING or italicizing to emphasize.  As it is not possible to resort to any of the afore-mentioned means available in writing English, we use different methods in speaking english to emphasize or drive home the intended points. 

However, in speaking English the available methods are limited and one short coming is that the ‘Undo’ button is unavailable.  Generally, our flow of speaking tends to be a mixture of soft and hard syllables. The intended words or part of the sentence is pronounced hard ore soft deliberately.  The raising and falling voice at the end of a sentence put the required and intended emphasis. It is the hard or soft flow that determine period, comma etc.  The body languages of a speaker also reciprocate with that of the emphasis and voice.   These tricks of speaking English are mastered gradually, by native speakers whose mother tongues happen to be a language other than English.  But there are chances of over lapping and the intended part is not pronounced that hard or soft and at the end the intended meaning or emphasis is not generated.  But there is another forceful method available that is “TAG QUESTION.” 

Tag question is nothing but a Yes/No question with the help of Auxiliary verb and the subject with the use of the most overused negative word NOT.  No doubt there happens to question tag without the use of the negative word NOT.  The question always comes at the end of a sentence. 

 

For example:  You are 10 years old, aren’t you? (Pronounced Aint Ye/You)  

Here the speaker knows very well that the person is 10 years old.  He only wants to emphasize that he knows his age correctly which is 10.  And the answer is ‘Yes’ Further, if we leave the question part then the sentence retains its meaning.  So it can be said that the question part is only for emphasis and can be said an ornament of speaking English. 

 

Let’s discuss about some general rules regarding tag making.  First of all the type of sentence is ascertained like whether the sentence is a positive (Affirmative sentence) or negative one.  If the sentence happens to a negative one, a positive tag is appended to the end of the sentence.  And if the sentence happens to be a positive one, a negative tag is appended. 

 

It is hot today.  (Affirmative sentence)  It is hot today, isn’t it?  (Negative tag)

It is not hot today.  (Negative sentence) It is not hot today, is it? (Affirmative tag)

 

Secondly, the auxiliary verb is known by use of which the tag question is framed.  The subject or pronoun is repeated with the auxiliary verb to finish the tag.  In the above sentences the auxiliary verb “Is” is used to frame the tag with not or without not. 

 

He is a boy, isn’t he?

He is not a good boy, is he?

 

We don’t put question tag after questions. 

 

You’re the manager, aren’t you?

Are you the manager, aren’t you?  (Not allowed) 

 

If the main sentence has no auxiliary verbs and happen to be in the Simple form of tense ( Sub+Main verb Form 1, I go).  In these type of sentence the auxiliary “Do” and its derivative “Did” remain there in concealed form.  And while framing we use these verbs. 

 

You like mutton, don’t you?  (Pronounced donchyu)

You liked the performance, didn’t you?

 

We show the meaning of the question tag by raising and bringing down our voice.  If the tag happens to be a real one and we want to know the answer, we generally, raise our voice.  

 

The soccer match is at 3 o’clock, isn’t it? (The exact time is not known and the speaker wants to know the time and asking a real question)

 

If we know the answer of a question beforehand and ask a question only for emphasis we soften our voice.  This kind of question happens to be unreal and the question generally doesn’t require any answer. 

 

The girl is charming, isn’t she?  (The pronoun “She is used in place of the girl”)

We often require some help or some informations.

(Negative question + Question Tag)

 

You couldn’t help me doing home work, could you? 

You have not seen my paintings, have you?

 

Note:  The question tag for I am is Aren’t I.

To invite people to do things, we use won’t you.

To tell people to do things, we use will you? Would you? Can you? Can’t you?

Would you like some coffee, won’t you?

Could you please pass the salt, would you?

Do sit down. Won’t you?

Open the gate, would you?

Let’s have a chat, shall we?  (Let’s construction requires the use of Shall)

We use “IT” in question tag to refer to Nothing and THEY to refer to Nobody.

 

Nothing can happen, can it?

Nobody arrived, did they?

 

We also use THEY to refer to somebody, everybody.

Somebody came to our house, didn’t they? 

 

Please note the Comma (,) before the Tag. 

The Not part is not pronounced fully rather the shorten form or contracted N’t is pronounced.  In question tag, the contracted forms of various auxiliaries or modals like won’t, shouldn’t are used.  

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