November 16, 2008

PREPOSITION AND PRESENT PARTICIPLE


A verb following a preposition (At, In, About, with, without) takes the –Ing form:
At: 
He is good at mending fences.                     
She is good at solving sums.
In
You are right in informing the authority.
They are interested only in raking dollars.
About
Students were excited about receiving the prizes.
                       
What is wrong about your marrying beneath you?
For
I am sorry for not being able to keep my words.
                       
A screw driver is used for screwing screws.
Against:
The restaurant has a rule against smoking.
                       
He is against making the amendments
Of
They were tired of telling the shopper.
I am tired of mentioning this in my writing
Before
Wash your hands before eating.
                       
Check your spelling before posting.
After
What are you going to pursue after Graduation?
                       
Cultivators sow after ploughing.
By
He earns his living by blogging.
                        .
He has ruined his sight by reading letters of small fonts
Without
You cannot earn money without posting regularly in your blog.
                       
The looters escaped without being caught
In stead of: (In place of)
Instead of going to school he played with his friends.
He attended the marriage ceremony in stead of attending seminar
To
I prefer chatting to mailing.
I object to being treated like a newbie. (Not to be treated)
Do you object to working on holidays? (Not to work)
Bill looks forward to hearing from Bush.  (Not to hear)
I am looking forward to seeing you in the New Year
Note that ‘To’ is a part of the Infinitive as in I want to go.  It is a preposition as in ‘Do you object to working?’  You can decide whit it is by trying to put it after ‘to.’  If still makes sense, then ‘to’ is a preposition.
Be/Get used to: 
Like Object To and Look forward to, Be used to and Get used to can be followed by a Noun or an –Ing form. 
                       
Ing:    They objected to staying in that lodge.
          George looks forward to seeing you soon.
           Sumi is not used to traveling by bus.  (Not To travel)
           
Noun:  Bill object to his manners.         
            I look forward to your visit.
            She is not used to this food.
If you say that somebody is used to something or is used to doing something, you mean that it is no longer strange or unusual to him because he has done it very often. 
             
Mrs Obama went to England with her friend.  There she found the dresses quite opposite to her dress behavior and fashion.  She only found dresses that she was not used to wearing. Gradually, she got used to the dresses of England and became a brand ambassador of the fashion of England. 
Note:  This lesson is adapted from my high school grammar book. 
Thank you.  

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