October 23, 2008


  • Bill was suffering from cold. 
  • Bill attended office as usual.
These two sentences express two different opinions. 

  • As Bill was ill Bill should not have attended office. 
  • Bill was ill but he didn’t stay away from office. 
  • Bill was ill however he didn’t stay away from office.
In the above sentences, there are no two opposing ideas rather the first idea supports the second.  In other words speaking, the second idea is the result of the first idea. Actually, the end result should have been like the above.  But here result was the other way round. 

When two sentences express two opposing views you generally use ALTHOUGH, THOUGH, EVEN THOUGH etc to combine two opposing ideas in sentences. Mark the common subject ‘Bill’ in both sentences.  If the subject is same and the statements relates to the same subject we use the following kind of sentence constructions.  This is nothing but maintaining the contrast and emphasizing the contrast. 

  • Even though Bill was ill, he attended office.
  • Though Bill was ill, he attended office as usual.
  • Although Bill was ill, he attended office as usual.
  • Despite Bill’s illness, he attended office as usual.
  • In spite of Bill’s illness, he attended office as usual.
  • Bill was ill still he attended office as usual.
There is Even although that is also used to combine two opposing ideas and retaining the ideas intact.  But at present ‘Even although’ seems to be going out of use as not many writers tend to use the expression.  But here this blogger cannot issue a death certificate to the expression.  Lol. 
Remember, although is generally used interchangeably with though, though it is seen that ‘Though’ is generally the preferable expression of the masses.  Similarly, ‘Despite’ can be replaced with ‘In spite Of’ but Despite is not followed by ‘Of’ as we cannot say “Despite of his illness he attended office as usual.”  But you can write this sentence like this: “In spite of his illness he attended office as usual.”

In spite of/ Despite + Noun/Pronoun/ …ing

Despite his job related constraints this blogger has adhered to his schedule and has written this small but grammatical post for you only.  Although, this blogger has tried his best to make this post error free still he hopes that you will forgive him for any mistakes.  Despite his preoccupation, this blogger has searched many grammar books and has presented you some easily digestible grammar lessons.  This blogger believes that you will not leave this post without commenting despite/in spite of your time crunch and haste to leave this blog. 

This is only a paragraph written to show the use of the above expressions and not a factual presentation related to this blogger.  Got it? Come on, you got it.  So, it is bye, bye from you till next meeting with new lessons or articles.  Ciao friends.

1 comment:

  1. You are a witty blogger :-)

    I really like the real-world application of the new knowledge. I really benefited from this post. I tend to edit student papers based on my "ear"; not having been trained in grammar/linguistics/communication at uni.

    Thank you~ Char


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