By using so and such we combine two sentences with one Subject. The first action is triggered or caused or by the second one. In other words, we can say that the first action happens to be a consequence of the second one. And generally we begin the combined sentence from the second action though the reverse way also happen to right.
After combination we can again make them two sentences as one can find both subject and object and the second part ALWAYS contains an ADJECTIVE/ADVERB.
- They could not find the way in the night.
- There was darkness.
Now let’s combine the above two sentences by using the So+Adjective/ So+Adverb construction.
- They could not find the way as it was dark. (Adjective) Or
- They could not find the way as it was so dark. (Beginning with the first part)
- As it was dark they could not find the way. (Beginning with the second part)
- Sumi and her friends danced. The show was very amusing.
- The show was so amusing that Sumi and her friends danced.
- He was eating like a horse. He was hungry.
· He was so hungry that he was eating like a horse.
· Sabita could not follow Surya’s words. He whispered softly. (Adverb)
· He(Surya) whispered so softly that Sabita could not follow his words
· Sabita could not follow Surya’s words as he whispered so softly.
- Tom often meets with accidents. He is such a reckless driver.
- Tom is such a reckless driver that he often meets with accidents.
- It is difficult to teach him. He is such a dull boy.
- He is such a dull boy that it is difficult to teach him.
- Nainital attracts a large number of visitors. It is such a picturesque spot.
- Nainital is such a picturesque spot that it attracts a large number of visitors.
In all these examples sentences So and Such mean Very.
So….that and Such ….that.
- Everest peak is so high (that) mountaineers toil hard to reach atop.
- The gale was so devastating (that) it swept the riparian areas.
- Tom spoke in such a rude manner (that) his mother was worried.
- It was such a rainy day (that) not a single shop was open in the market.
1) Everest peak is high. 2) Mountaineers toil hard to reach atop.
The conjunction ‘THAT’ can be left out in the above construction. Take note: The second part is triggered by the first part. Sometime
So and Such are used with a different meaning:
· Ram’s father is 60 years old. But he doesn’t look so old. (As old as he is)
· He has bought a used camcorder for twenty thousands. But it is worth so much.
So long But Such a long time
So far But Such a long way
So much But Such a lot (of)
· Where have you been so long?
· Where have you been for such a long time?
· A small child can hardly live so far from home.
· A small child can hardly live for such a long time from home.
· There were so many dogs barking out there and it was impossible to sleep.
· There were such a lot of dogs barking out there and it …..
· There was so much suspended particle in the atmosphere that we felt choked.
· There was such a lot of …..