May 27, 2008

NOUN

Simply speaking the word that signifies the name of a place a person or a quality is called a NOUN. For examples: Ram is good boy who lives in New Delhi. Now let me examine the above sentence. Who is a good boy? Ans. Ram. How is the boy? Ans. Good. Where does he live? Ans. New Delhi. All the answers are called noun as they suggest the name of a person, name of a quality and a name of a city or place.
Generally NOUNS are divided into five kinds, such as:
  1. Common Noun.
  2. Proper Noun.
  3. Collective Noun.
  4. Material Noun.
  5. Abstract Noun.
Let me examine the five nouns individually.
COMMON NOUN
It signifies each parts of a specie or class. For example by ocean, we mean every ocean. Similarly, river means all rivers. Cat, tiger, deer all are Common or Class noun.
PROPER NOUN
It signifies the name of a person, place or a thing. In the earlier example sentence, I have used the name of Ram, New Delhi which are but, examples of Proper Noun. The Ganges is the second longest river of India. The name Ganges is a Noun as it is a name of a river. One thing one must take notice that irrespective of the place of such noun whether in front or inside of a sentence, the first letter of a proper noun is Capitalized.
COLLECTIVE NOUN
That noun which signifies a collection of people or persons or things. Library (Collection of Books) Fleet (Collection of ships) Class (Group of Student). All these are Collective Noun. 
MATERIAL NOUN
That name of a material or a thing that signifies each parts of the same stock is called a Material Noun. In other word speaking, if we tear a piece of paper into fifty parts, each part will be called a piece of paper. Hence, paper is a Material noun. Iron, gold, chalk are examples of Material Noun.
ABSTRACT NOUN
This suggests the name of a quality, a state or condition or a name of work. He is clever and is known for his cleverness. Cleverness is an Abstract noun. Sugarcane is known for its sweetness. Sweetness is an Abstract Noun. Childhood is a stage of a man. Childhood is a state of life hence a case of Abstract Noun.
All these nouns are again classified taking their counts into view as Countable Nouns and Uncountable Nouns.
Let’s examine some nouns:
A              B
Cat        Rice
Pen       Gold
Cup      Grass
Query    Water
All the above words are Nouns. Now examine the nouns under column A can be made plural easily whereas the nouns under the column B cannot be made plural that easily.
Uncountable Noun:
Before Uncountable noun, we cannot use the articles A/An. However, we can use the/some/any/much/this etc.
Some rice, much information, a bundle of grass, a piece of advice, a glass of water, a piece of news.
Some nouns seem to be plural as they ends with an –S but in reality they are singular.
  • Bad news travels fast.
  • Mathematics is a good subject.
  • Measles is a disease of infants.
  • Athletics is a sport in Olympic game.
Physics, Economics, gymnastics, Innings (Cricket) looks like plural but are singular nouns.
Some nouns end with an s ending and always plural.
Thanks, regards, arms, clothes, lodgings, contents, minutes (The written records of meetings.) earnings, headquarters, goods, surroundings, ruins, riches.
Names of objects which have two parts are always plural.
And we use a pair of to make them singular. In addition, pairs of is used to make them plural.
Scissors, glasses, spectacles, binoculars, pliers.
Trousers, pyjamas, shorts, stockings.
Cattle, people and police are always plural.
When we talk of a sum of money, a period of time, a distance etc, we often use a plural noun with a singular verb.
Two hundred rupees is not a big sum.
Five years is really a pretty long time.
We say:
A ten rupee note, a five-year-old boy, a six-week holiday, a five-foot scale, a four-hour journey, a three-kilometer walk.
Thanks

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